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Definition of 'run'


  1. a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely; "the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th"; "their first tally came in the 3rd inning"
       Synonyms: tally
  2. the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"
       Synonyms: test trial
  3. a race run on foot; "she broke the record for the half-mile run"
       Synonyms: footrace foot race
  4. an unbroken series of events; "had a streak of bad luck"; "Nicklaus had a run of birdies"
       Synonyms: streak
  5. (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team; "the defensive line braced to stop the run"; "the coach put great emphasis on running"
       Synonyms: running running play running game
  6. a regular trip; "the ship made its run in record time"
  7. the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; "he broke into a run"; "his daily run keeps him fit"
       Synonyms: running
  8. the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation; "the assembly line was on a 12-hour run"
  9. unrestricted freedom to use; "he has the run of the house"
  10. the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.); "a daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint"
  11. a small stream
       Synonyms: rivulet rill runnel streamlet
  12. a race between candidates for elective office; "I managed his campaign for governor"; "he is raising money for a Senate run"
       Synonyms: political campaign campaign
  13. a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking"
       Synonyms: ladder ravel
  14. the pouring forth of a fluid
       Synonyms: discharge outpouring
  15. an unbroken chronological sequence; "the play had a long run on Broadway"; "the team enjoyed a brief run of victories"
  16. a short trip; "take a run into town"


  1. move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time; "Don't run--you'll be out of breath"; "The children ran to the store"
  2. flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; "If you see this man, run!"; "The burglars escaped before the police showed up"
       Synonyms: scat scarper turn tail lam run away hightail it bunk head for the hills take to the woods escape fly the coop break away
  3. stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"
       Synonyms: go pass lead extend
  4. direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.; "She is running a relief operation in the Sudan"
       Synonyms: operate
  5. have a particular form; "the story or argument runs as follows"; "as the saying goes..."
       Synonyms: go
  6. move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"
       Synonyms: flow feed course
  7. perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore"
       Synonyms: function work operate go
       Antonyms: malfunction misfunction
  8. change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull"
       Synonyms: range
  9. run, stand, or compete for an office or a position; "Who's running for treasurer this year?"
       Synonyms: campaign
  10. cause to emit recorded sounds; "They ran the tapes over and over again"; "Can you play my favorite record?"
       Synonyms: play
  11. move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way; "who are these people running around in the building?"; "She runs around telling everyone of her troubles"; "let the dogs run free"
  12. have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined; "She tends to be nervous before her lectures"; "These dresses run small"; "He inclined to corpulence"
       Synonyms: tend be given lean incline
  13. carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine; "Run the dishwasher"; "run a new program on the Mac"; "the computer executed the instruction"
       Synonyms: execute
  14. be operating, running or functioning; "The car is still running--turn it off!"
       Antonyms: idle tick over
  15. change from one state to another; "run amok"; "run rogue"; "run riot"
  16. cause to perform; "run a subject"; "run a process"
  17. be affected by; be subjected to; "run a temperature"; "run a risk"
  18. continue to exist; "These stories die hard"; "The legend of Elvis endures"
       Synonyms: prevail persist die hard endure
  19. occur persistently; "Musical talent runs in the family"
  20. include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference"
       Synonyms: carry
  21. carry out; "run an errand"
  22. guide or pass over something; "He ran his eyes over her body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"; "He drew her hair through his fingers"
       Synonyms: guide draw pass
  23. cause something to pass or lead somewhere; "Run the wire behind the cabinet"
       Synonyms: lead
  24. make without a miss
  25. deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
       Synonyms: black market
  26. cause an animal to move fast; "run the dogs"
  27. be diffused; "These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run"
       Synonyms: bleed
  28. sail before the wind
  29. cover by running; run a certain distance; "She ran 10 miles that day"
  30. extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film runs 5 hours"
       Synonyms: run for
  31. set animals loose to graze
  32. keep company; "the heifers run with the bulls to produce offspring"
       Synonyms: consort
  33. run with the ball; in such sports as football
  34. travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means; "Run to the store!"; "She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there"
  35. travel a route regularly; "Ships ply the waters near the coast"
       Synonyms: ply
  36. pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals); "Goering often hunted wild boars in Poland"; "The dogs are running deer"; "The Duke hunted in these woods"
       Synonyms: hunt hunt down track down
  37. compete in a race; "he is running the Marathon this year"; "let's race and see who gets there first"
       Synonyms: race
  38. progress by being changed; "The speech has to go through several more drafts"; "run through your presentation before the meeting"
       Synonyms: move go
  39. reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating; "melt butter"; "melt down gold"; "The wax melted in the sun"
       Synonyms: melt melt down
  40. come unraveled or undone as if by snagging; "Her nylons were running"
       Synonyms: ladder
  41. become undone; "the sweater unraveled"
       Synonyms: unravel

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