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Middle School | Social Studies | Sociology

Understand social systems, with an emphasis on the United States. A study of social systems has two important aspects that help people understand their roles as individuals and members of society. The first aspect is culture consisting of the language, literature, arts and traditions of various groups of people. Students should understand common characteristics of different cultures and explain how cultural contributions shape societies over time. The second aspect is the interaction among individuals, groups and institutions. Students should know how and why groups and institutions are formed, what roles they play in society, and how individuals and groups interact with and influence institutions.

Learning Objectives

Compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions:

  • xplain how language, literature, the arts, architecture and traditions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

Understand the roles and interactions of individuals and groups in society:

  • Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions (e.g., educational, military).
  • Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.

Understand how social systems form and develop over time:

  • Describe ways in which a diverse U.S. population has developed and maintained common beliefs (e.g., life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; the Constitution and the Bill of Rights).
  • Explain how diverse groups have contributed to U.S. social systems over time.

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